The three verbals are:
Verbals are in a different category from nouns
Verbal - category of a verb which functions as another part of speech
Gerund - functions as a noun by adding ing.
e.g. Jackie went jogging with her dog.
Infinitive - verb acting as a noun, adjective, or adverb by attaching the preposition to the stem of the verb.
The basic definition is: to plus the verb.
examples: to kiss, to cuddle, to snore
"to" is the preposition, and "kiss, cuddle, snore" are the stems of the verb
In a sentence the infinitive functions as a noun, adjective, or adverb.
Prepositional phrase: To sneeze in someone's face is rude and unhealthy.
to sneeze = infinitive
Prepositional phrase: John likes to play guitar with his friends.
to play = infinitive
Participle - verbal that functions as an adjective
Present participle example: The boiling water on the stove is hot.
Present participles always end in ing and are created from the form of a verb used with the verb to be as an auxiliary verb (progressive tense).
Past participles usually end in ed or en and are created from the form of a verb used with the verb to be as an auxiliary verb.
Past participle example: The window was broken on Thursday. Or: The windows were cracked by vandals.
SPECIAL VERBS: feel, help, hear, let, make, see, watch
e.g. The tourist watched the plane take off.
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