Saturday, January 4, 2014

Vocabulary List 5 - TEST ON WEDNESDAY 1/8/14

1.  admonition - n.
a gentle reproof; counsel; advice; a firm warning; reproach; reprimand; rebuke.
ex. 1.  Jane defiantly ignored Mrs. Reed's harsh admonitions and verbally rebuked her.
ex. 2.  The student should heed the teacher's admonition to study more.

2.  latent - adj.
present but not visible, apparent, or actualized; existing as potential; existing in the unconscious but potentially able to achieve expression; hidden; undeveloped; potential.
ex. 1.  Latent in the lithesome ballerina was an extraordinary dramatic expression.
ex. 2.  The visual artist had latent talent in math which may lead him to become an architect someday.

3.  absolve - v.
to free from guilt or blame; to grant pardon for; to set free; to release from duty, responsibility, or obligation.
ex. 1.  The court absolved the defendant of all guilt in her husband's murder.
ex. 2.  Being polite does not absolve us from speaking the truth.
ex. 3.  Jane absolved her aunt of all guilt for abusing her as a child.

4.  ephemeral - adj.
lasting a short time; transitory; short-lived; evanescent; transient; fleeting.
ex. 1.  Helen Burns believed life on earth was ephemeral and embraced death as an opportunity to return to God.
ex. 2.  The beauty of each season is ephemeral.

5.  render - v.
to cause to be or become; to do; to perform; to exhibit or show obedience; to present for consideration, approval, or payment.
ex. 1.  The lawyer rendered his bill to his client.
ex. 2.  The student rendered his service to the community by helping to clean up Central Park after the parade.
ex. 3.  The student was rendered incompetent on the exam because of his excessive anxiety in taking it.

6.  ascribe - v.
to attribute; to impute; to credit or assign as to a cause or source; to accredit; to refer.
ex. 1.  Never ascribe to one's enemy meaner motives than one's own.
ex. 2.  Jane ascribed her Christian perspective to the teaching of Helen Burns.

7.  bard - n.
any poet; a person who composed and recited heroic or epic poetry while playing a lyre or a harp; a Celtic order of composers and reciters; a lyricist.
ex. 1.  William Shakespeare is often referred to as the bard of English literature.
ex. 2.  Rappers are often characterized as contemporary bards.

8.  sage - adj.
profoundly wise; judicious; prudent; enlightened; having achieved wisdom, judgment, experience.
ex. 1.  Youth sometimes rejects sage advice to pursue their own paths.
ex. 2.  Charlotte Bronte provides sage insights about human nature in Jane Eyre.

9.  alienate - v.
to make indifferent, hostile, or unfriendly; to estrange; to turn away from.
ex. 1.  Jane was alienated from the entire Reed family.
ex. 2.  The corrupt politician alienated funds from their intended purposes to finance his own campaign.

10.  transcendental - adj.
surpassing ordinary or common experience, though or beliefs; metaphysical; preternatural; abstract; spiritual.
ex. 1.  Art is a transcendental expression of the human spirit.
ex. 2.  True love must be a transcendental attraction, or it is not love at all.

11.  usurp - v.
to seize power, title or land without legal right; to arrogate authority; to appropriate; to assume.
ex. 1.  The king's wicked brother tried to usurp the throne.
ex. 2.  The Germans usurped control of Poland during World War II.

12.  pious - adj.
having reverence from God; religious; godly; reverent; spiritual devout; virtuous; holy.
ex. 1.  Helen Burns was a pious soul.
ex. 2.  Mr. Brocklehurst pretended to be pious, but he really was a hypocrite.

13.  expediency - n.
a regard for what is politic or advantageous rather than what is right or just; a sense of self-interest; the equality of being suited to the end in view; adherence to self-serving means.
ex. 1.  Contemporary politicians are guided by expediency rather than principle.
ex. 2.  Jane's decision to flee Thornfield Hall was based on spiritual principle not expediency.

14.  efface - v.
to erase; to obliterate; to wear away as by time; to eradicate; to erode.
ex. 1.  Jane could not efface her love for Edward Rochester by running away.
ex. 2.  Even on her dying bed, Mrs. Reed could not efface her hostility toward Jane Eyre.

15.  plight - n.
an unfortunate condition, state, or situation; a predicament; a condition of extreme hardship or danger; quandary.
ex. 1.  Destitute and homeless, Jane found herself in a sorry plight when she left Thornfield Hall.
ex. 2.  President Obama has vowed to improve the plight of illegal immigrants in this country through new legislation.

Good luck!

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