Definition of a pronoun: a pronoun replaces a noun or nouns (antecedent)
Antecedent: a noun which is replaced by a pronoun.
Name the different cases of pronouns:
How is each case used?
Nominative - functioning in sentence as the subject.
Objective - functions as a direct object, and indirect object, or the object of a preposition.
Possessive - functions as an adjective or pronoun.
When a pronoun precedes a gerund: only in possessive case.
ex. She hate him laughing at her. = correct
She hate his laughing at her. = incorrect
- you do not need to memorize the nominative/objective/possessive pronouns for this test! Just know the three cases and how each one functions.
Indefinite pronoun definition: Pronoun which does not refer to a specific antecedent.
Know 10 indefinite pronouns!
Here are 10: another, each, either, each other, neither, much, one another, anybody, everybody, somebody
Here are the plural indefinite pronouns: both, several, many, few
Collective noun: a group functioning in unison as one entity or individual.
example of a singular collective noun: The cast performed on stage.
example of a plural collective noun: The cast performed their individual roles.
10 collective nouns: team, committee, troop, army, fleet, band, cast, audience, orchestra, tribe
The number of the subject (singular or plural) determines the form of the verb and the pronoun.
ex. Everybody loves his/her English teacher.
Everybody is a singular subject.
Loves is a singular verb.
His/Her is a singular pronoun.
ex. 2. Many love their English teacher.
Many is a plural subject.
Love is a plural verb.
Their is a plural pronoun.
Sexy = transitional phrase (do not start a sentence with a transitional phrase)
In other words
On the contrary
As a result
At any rate
As an illustration
That is to say
To this end
Semicolon construction with transitional phrase: simple sentence ; transitional phrase (lowercased) , simple sentence (lowercase unless starting with a proper noun).
ex. Julie fell down the stairs; as a result, she broke her leg.