Saturday, September 28, 2013

Vocabulary List 2 - 9-26-13

Words taken from Jane Eyre

Vocabulary quiz #2 Wednesday (October 9)

1.  protagonist (noun)
the leading character, hero, or heroine of a drama or other literary work; the principal character of a story; a proponent for or advocate of a political cause or social program.
e.g. 1.  Jane Eyre is the protagonist in the novel by her name.
e.g. 2.  We are all the protagonists in our own autobiographies.

2.  antagonist (noun)
a person who is opposed to, struggles against, or competes against; opponent; adversary; the enemy of a hero of protagonist; rival foe.
e.g. 1. Barrack Obama's leading antagonist in the Congress is John Boehner, speaker of the house of Representatives.
e.g. 2. On the golf course, Tiger Wood's worst antagonist is Sergio Garcia.

3.  refractory (adjective)
hard or impossible to manage; stubbornly disobedient; incorrigible; intractable; rebellious; headstrong.  
e.g. 1. Mrs. Reed viewed Jane as a refractory child who needed discipline.
e.g. 2.  The dean gave the refractory student detention for four days for being late to class repeatedly.

4.  chide (verb)
to scold; to reprove; to mildly rebuke; to criticize; to express displeasure with.
e.g. 1. Mrs. reed chided Jane for her rebellious behavior.
e.g. 2. The teacher chided her students for not paying attention to the lesson on grammar.

5.  torpid (adjective)
dormant; inactive; lethargic; sluggish; apathetic; listless; indolent.
e.g. 1. The caged animals in a zoo often are torpid.
e.g. 2.  The energetic boy because increasingly torpid as he felt a cold developing.

6. thwart (verb)
to stop something from happening; to hinder; to oppose; to frustrate; to prevent from accomplishing a purpose.
e.g. 1. Bad weather thwarted our plans for a picnic.
e.g. 2. John Reed deliberately thwarted Jane's pleasure in reading.

7.  mettle (noun)
courage; inner spirit, quality of disposition or temperament; pluck; inner resource; fortitude.
e.g. 1. War tests the mettle of soldiers.
e.g. 2.  Jane Eyre had the mettle to stand up to Mrs. Reed when her aunt accused her unjustly of disobedience.

8.  antipathy (noun)
a natural and basic dislike; an aversion; repugnance; an instinctive opposition in feeling; habitable antagonism; animosity.
e.g. 1.  Mrs. Reed felt a natural antipathy to Jane.
e.g. 2. The student felt an inexplicable antipathy to math even though he excelled in solving problems in geometry.

9.  divest (verb)
to strip; to deprive; rid of; to free from; to dispossess.
e.g. 1.  The wind divested the trees of their leaves.
e.g. 2.  Mrs. Reed divested herself of all responsibility for Jane when she sent her away to Lowood Institute.

10.  bilious (adjective)
irritable; ill-tempered; suffering caused by trouble with the liver or bile; peevish; cranky; extremely unpleasant; grumpy; cross; dyspeptic; grouchy.
e.g. 1.  Mr. Brocklehurst's bilious nature was destructive to the orphans dependent on his charity.
e.g. 2.  Though Mrs. Reed was surrounded by luxury, she was bilious in her dealings with less fortunate people.

11.  infer (verb)
to derive by reasoning; to conclude from evidence; to guess; to surmise to draw a conclusion based on reasoning.
e.g. 1.  The student inferred the teacher's disappointment in her by the fact that she did not smile at her when she returned the test.
e.g. 2.  In forecasting the weather, meteorologists often infer favorable conditions by the gradual shifting of the cloud covering.

12.  shroud (verb)
to cover or hide from view; to veil as in a mystery; to wrap or clothe for burial.
e.g. 1. The room where her husband died was shrouded in darkness.
e.g. 2.  Jane Eyre shrouded her fear in rebellion.

Here are some Quizlet flashcards made by Yeliz and Johnnie:

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